What is Oracle? The software Juggernaut history

What is Oracle? – Oracle is a giant in database management systems and enterprise software solutions.

But what exactly is Oracle, and why is it so important? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the ins and outs of Oracle, making it easy for anyone to understand.

What is Oracle?

Oracle is a multinational computer technology corporation specializing in developing and marketing database software and technology, cloud-engineered systems, and enterprise software products.

In simpler terms, Oracle creates tools that help businesses manage and organize their data more effectively.

The Oracle Database

One of Oracle’s flagship products is the Oracle Database. But what exactly is it? The Oracle Database is a relational database management system (RDBMS).

This means it uses a structure that allows us to identify and access data about another piece of data in the database. Data in a database is often organized into tables, fields, and records.

How it works and its importance

The Oracle Database stores data in a structured way, making it easier to retrieve and manipulate. It uses SQL (Structured Query Language) to do this. SQL is a language that is used to communicate with and manipulate databases.

The importance of the Oracle Database lies in its ability to manage large amounts of data securely and efficiently. It’s used by large corporations, government agencies, and educational institutions to store and manage their critical data.

Oracle Cloud Applications and Platform

Oracle isn’t just about databases. They also offer a fully integrated stack of cloud applications and platform services.

Overview of Oracle’s cloud applications and platform services

Oracle’s cloud applications and platform services are designed to help businesses of all sizes with their digital transformation efforts. These services include:

  1. Software as a Service (SaaS): Oracle offers various cloud-based software applications for various business functions, including sales, service, marketing, human resources, finance, supply chain, and manufacturing.
  2. Platform as a Service (PaaS): Oracle’s PaaS offerings include data management, application development, integration, content and experience, analytics, and security.
  3. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): Oracle provides core infrastructure services, such as computing, storage, and networking, to help businesses run any workload in the cloud.

Major applications that Oracle Corporation offers

  1. Oracle E-Business Suite (EBS): An integrated set of business applications for automating CRM, ERP, and SCM processes.
  2. Oracle Fusion Applications: A suite of applications built on a cloud-based platform designed to work as a complete suite or as modular services.
  3. Oracle NetSuite: A cloud-based suite of ERP and accounting software.
  4. Oracle PeopleSoft: A suite of applications for human resource management, financial management, supply chain management, and customer relationship management.
  5. Oracle JD Edwards: An integrated applications suite of comprehensive enterprise resource planning software.
  6. Oracle Hyperion: A business performance management software suite.
  7. Oracle Siebel: A suite of CRM applications.
  8. Oracle Primavera: Project portfolio management solutions for project-intensive industries.
  9. Oracle Retail Suite: A suite of applications for the retail industry.
  10. Oracle Financial Services Software: A suite of banking and financial services applications.
  11. Oracle Health Sciences Applications: A suite of healthcare and life sciences applications.
  12. Oracle Hospitality: A suite of applications for the hospitality industry.

Importance and benefits of these services

The importance of Oracle’s cloud applications and platform services lies in their ability to help businesses become more agile, efficient, and responsive. By moving to the cloud, businesses can reduce their IT costs, improve their operational efficiency, and gain the ability to innovate faster.

Some of the key benefits of Oracle’s cloud applications and platform services include:

  • Scalability: Oracle’s cloud services can easily scale up or down to match business needs, making it easier for businesses to manage their resources and costs.
  • Security: Oracle has a strong reputation for its robust security features, which include data encryption, identity management, and physical security measures at its data centers.
  • Innovation: Oracle’s cloud services provide businesses with access to the latest technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, blockchain, and the Internet of Things (IoT), helping them to innovate and stay competitive.

Oracle Software and Technologies

Oracle is not just a single product; it’s a vast suite of Software and technologies designed to help businesses manage their data and operations more effectively. Let’s look at some of the critical components of Oracle’s Software and technologies.

Overview of Oracle’s Software and Technologies

  1. Oracle Database: As we’ve already discussed, the Oracle Database is a relational database management system businesses use to store and manage their data.
  2. Oracle Applications: Oracle offers various software applications to automate and streamline business processes. These include Oracle E-Business Suite, Oracle Fusion Applications, and Oracle’s industry-specific applications.
  3. Oracle Middleware: Oracle’s middleware provides the tools to develop, deploy, and manage service-oriented architectures (SOA). It includes products like Oracle WebLogic Server, Oracle Application Server, and Oracle Content Management.
  4. Oracle Operating Systems: Oracle also offers two operating systems – Oracle Solaris and Oracle Linux. These operating systems are designed to run enterprise applications with superior performance, reliability, and security.
  5. Oracle Virtualization: Oracle’s virtualization software allows businesses to run multiple operating systems on a single physical machine, improving efficiency and reducing costs.

How these technologies contribute to Oracle’s ecosystem

Each of these technologies plays a crucial role in Oracle’s ecosystem. The Oracle Database forms the backbone of the ecosystem, storing and managing the data that the other applications and technologies use.

The Oracle Applications automate and streamline business processes, helping businesses to operate more efficiently and effectively.

The middleware provides the tools needed to develop and manage these applications, while the operating systems and virtualization software provide the infrastructure on which everything runs.

What is Oracle Corporation?

Oracle Corporation is the company behind all of these products and technologies. But how did it start, and what are some critical milestones in Oracle’s History?

Brief History and Overview of Oracle Corporation

Oracle Corporation was founded in 1977 by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, and Ed Oates. The company’s first product was the Oracle Database, the first commercially available relational database management system to use SQL.

Over the years, Oracle has grown through internal development and acquisitions. Today, Oracle is one of the largest software companies in the world, with over 130,000 employees and operations in more than 175 countries.

Key milestones and achievements

Some of the key milestones and achievements in Oracle’s History include:

  • 1979: Oracle releases the first commercially available relational database management system to use SQL.
  • 1986: Oracle goes public with an initial public offering on the NASDAQ stock exchange.
  • 2004: Oracle begins a series of acquisitions to expand its product portfolio, starting with PeopleSoft.
  • 2010: Oracle acquires Sun Microsystems, gaining control of key technologies like Java and MySQL.
  • 2016: Oracle announces its fully integrated cloud offering, bringing together Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).

Future Prospects of Oracle

Looking ahead, Oracle is well-positioned to continue leading the way in data management and enterprise software solutions.

With its comprehensive suite of products and technologies, Oracle is poised to help businesses navigate the challenges of the digital age and seize the opportunities that come with it.

Oracle’s prospects are particularly bright in the area of cloud computing. As more and more businesses move their operations to the cloud, Oracle’s cloud applications and platform services are likely to see increased demand.

In addition, Oracle is also investing heavily in emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, blockchain, and the Internet of Things (IoT).

These technologies can potentially transform how businesses operate, and Oracle is at the forefront of making these technologies accessible to businesses of all sizes.

Major acquisitions by Oracle Corporation since 1995


  • AdiInsights: Workforce Management
  • Verenia: Verenia NetSuite CPQ


  • Cerner: Health information technology, Valuation: $28,300 million
  • GloriaFood: Online food ordering solution


  • CrowdTwist: Customer loyalty solution


  • DataFox: Artificial intelligence solutions provider
  • Grapeshot: Contextual Intelligence, Valuation: $400 million


  • Aconex: SaaS-based construction project management, Valuation: $1,190 million
  • Moat: Digital advertising measurement, Valuation: $850 million


  • NetSuite: Cloud/SaaS-based Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software, Valuation: $9,300 million
  • Textura: Construction management and engineering SaaS software, Valuation: $663 million
  • Ravello Systems: Virtualization technology, Valuation: $500 million


  • Maxymiser: Cloud-based Software for marketers


  • Datalogix: Data Broker & Digital Marketing, Valuation: $1,200+ million
  • MICROS Systems: Integrated software and hardware solutions to the hospitality and retail industries, Valuation: $5,300 million
  • BlueKai: Cloud-based big data platform, Valuation: $400 million


  • Responsys: Cloud-based enterprise-level email marketing software
  • Acme Packet: Networking hardware for telecommunications service providers, Valuation: $2,100 million


  • Eloqua: Marketing Automation platform, Valuation: $810 million
  • Taleo: Talent Management Software, Valuation: $1,900 million


  • RightNow Technologies: Cloud-based CRM, Valuation: $1,500 million
  • Endeca: E-commerce & Business Intelligence, Valuation: $1,075 million


  • Art Technology Group: E-commerce software vendor, Valuation: $1,000 million
  • Phase Forward: Applications for life sciences companies and healthcare providers, Valuation: $685 million
  • Sun Microsystems: Computer servers, storage, networks, Java, MySQL database, Software, and services, Valuation: $7,400 million


  • GoldenGate Software: Heterogeneous Replications, Software, and IT


  • BEA Systems: Enterprise Application and Middleware Software (WebLogic), Valuation: $8,500 million


  • Hyperion Corporation: Enterprise Performance Management, Valuation: $3,300 million


  • Siebel Systems: Customer relationship management, Valuation: $5,850 million


  • PeopleSoft: Enterprise Software, Valuation: $10,300 million


  • Rdb Division of Digital Equipment Corporation: Relational database, Valuation: $108 million

Oracle and Lawsuits

Oracle Corporation has been involved in several noteworthy lawsuits over the years. Here are some of them:

  1. Oracle vs. SAP (2007): Oracle sued SAP, accusing them of fraud and unfair competition. Oracle alleged that TomorrowNow, a subsidiary of SAP, used the accounts of former customers to systematically download patches and support documents from Oracle’s website and appropriate them for SAP’s use. In 2010, a U.S. district court jury found that SAP must pay Oracle $1.3 billion, one of the largest-ever awards for copyright infringement. However, this judgment was later overturned, and the companies agreed on a reduced amount of $306 million in damages in 2012.
  2. Class Action Lawsuit (2022): On August 23, 2022, Oracle was hit with a class action lawsuit, which alleges that Oracle has been operating a “surveillance machine” which tracks in real-time and records indefinitely the personal information of hundreds of millions of people.


  • Fredrik Filipsson

    Fredrik Filipsson possesses 20 years of experience in Oracle license management. Having worked at Oracle for 9 years, he gained an additional 11 years of expertise in Oracle license consulting projects. Fredrik has provided assistance to over 150 organizations worldwide, ranging in size and tackling various Oracle licensing challenges, including Licensing Assessments, Oracle audits, Oracle ULAs, and more.