Oracle disaster recovery licensing – licensing guide

Oracle licensing disaster recovery is a major challenge for most Oracle customers. If your company is undergoing a server migration, you must properly manage your Oracle licensing. This article will explain what disaster recovery is, what the main types of Oracle license sets are, and how to handle your Oracle licenses during the server migration process. To help you decide which license set to use, here is an overview of the most common types of Oracle license sets. Read on to find out more. Depending on the type of license set, you may be required to use multiple license sets, which is an added expense.

 

What is Oracle disaster recovery

 

Oracle provides licenses for production, standby, and data recovery. If disaster strikes, you can access the data on these separate sites, servers, or storage devices. However, if you’re implementing high-availability (HA) configuration, the license metric for production must be the same as that for standby. This means you can’t use unlicensed DR servers. The license metric for standby is the same as the one for production.

DR solutions for Oracle databases enable you to tailor the system to your needs. You can select the frequency of data replication, which determines the recovery time. The solution will help you maximize server utilization and offload resource-intensive processing. Oracle Cloud Infrastructure solutions can help you validate disaster recovery readiness and eliminate downtime. Oracle DR solutions provide a comprehensive recovery plan to support business continuity. They are designed to help you avoid the risks associated with disaster recovery by optimizing uptime and maximizing data availability.

When implementing DR, you should be aware of the licensing requirements for each environment. A server running Oracle software must have the same licensing metrics as the primary server, and must have the same database options and packs as the primary server. This requirement is particularly stringent when it comes to Oracle. A server running Oracle software must have the appropriate licenses and must also be properly licensed for the environment. For this reason, it is best to contact a third party Oracle licensing specialist to ensure that your environment is compliant.

 

What is Oracle’s most common license set types

 

One of the most popular questions that arise when disaster recovery plans are being considered is, what are the most common license sets used by Oracle? You can start by identifying which products you’re using. This way, you can determine what license type best suits your needs. The most common types of licenses are named user plus and processor licenses. For more information on what each type means, read on!

Named User licensing is a per user license that is designed for development and testing environments. Named users are considered to be “end nodes,” “humans” or “systems.” The Named User license type is available for all Oracle database editions. The only limitation to this type of license is the number of users that a particular software application can support. Named user licensing can be purchased for a single user or for many users.

Processor licensing is another option that Oracle offers. Core processor licensing factors are calculated by multiplying the total number of processor cores by one factor. This number is specified in the Oracle Ordering Document. You can also select a license based on a specific metric such as revenue or number of employees. The minimum number of user-based licenses is often defined by the 10/25 rule. This means that you need to accurately count the number of users.

 

Oracle licensing disaster recovery

 

When implementing disaster recovery, it is essential to understand the various types of Oracle licensing that are required for disaster recovery. These licenses are separate from those required for a production server. They also must be licensed per processor or core processing factor. Oracle offers several different disaster recovery deployment methods, which include remote mirroring and copying. However, both of these methods require an Oracle license in order to be effective. Read on to learn more about each of these approaches and how they can help you implement disaster recovery.

Oracle Disaster Recovery uses the latest hardware technology and hyper-scale to deliver redundant solutions to thousands of customers at once at a very low cost. Public cloud infrastructure providers have invested in the creation of an extensive network of availability domains, or regions, around the world. These solutions can be tailored to meet any business’s disaster recovery needs, from simple to stringent. Oracle provides many DR solutions that will suit different types of environments and IT budgets.

If you’re not sure whether you need a disaster recovery solution, you may need to read the licensing guidelines. This article will walk you through the main points you need to know. Oracle recommends disaster recovery for both public cloud and Oracle Standard Edition environments. In case of an outage, the Oracle licensing team will proactively help you recover from disaster with minimal downtime. However, disaster recovery is not for everyone and it is a good idea to consult an Oracle licensing expert before starting a project. We have a full video on Oracle licensing in disaster recovery.

 

Oracle licensing during server migration

 

When preparing to migrate your database to a new server, you should consider the costs and benefits of Oracle licensing. The benefits are obvious. For example, upgrading to new hardware reduces the risk of hardware failure, while legacy workloads can remain on older hardware. Furthermore, businesses understand their costs and benefits in terms of Oracle licensing, which is typically based on the number of cores used. Therefore, it is crucial to know the costs of Oracle licensing during server migration for disaster recovery.

When transferring Oracle databases during server migration for disaster recovery, you need to consider the cost of Oracle licensing and other software costs. Most of the vendors will charge you a higher license fee, so make sure to research the costs and benefits. However, there are exceptions to the licensing rules. If you’re moving between two clustered servers in the same storage area network, you will have access to both servers without having to purchase a new license.

In addition to the cost of Oracle licensing, you should consider the costs and benefits of using cloud platforms to run your data. Cloud platforms enable organizations to burst capacity as needed, allowing them to pay only for the capacity they need and not pay for excess capacity. This can help companies significantly cut down on costs and risks associated with the migration process. A good way to do that is to use Oracle disaster recovery software. Oracle’s cloud platforms also let you repurpose your Oracle licenses and benefits throughout the migration process.

It is important to point out that if you need to run dual servers during a migration, you need to be fully licensed on both servers. There are different options available to customers, but they all require specific negotiation with Oracle to avoid full use licensing.

 

Oracle dataguard licensing

 

Oracle dataguard licensing for disaster recovery is required if your company uses the software to protect against data loss or server failure. Oracle software must be licensed to run, but there are exceptions. Understanding how to comply with Oracle licensing policies can help you maximize your software investment and ensure a compliant environment. If you are unsure about how to use Oracle dataguard, contact a Redress  for assistance. They can help you determine the best way to protect your data and prevent costly non-compliance penalties.

Oracle Data Guard is an application that offers high availability, comprehensive data integrity, and disaster recovery. The application maintains standby databases as transactionally consistent copies of the primary database. The replication type you select is dependent on the distance between the primary and secondary databases. Symmetric replication minimizes downtime by ensuring that the database is up and running in less than a second. When the primary database is unavailable, a synchronous backup of the database is maintained.

Oracle allows customers to test their physical backups on non-licensed servers. These backups can be used to reconstruct Oracle databases in the event of a disaster. However, Oracle does not allow customers to test these backups on non-licensed servers for more than two days at a time. Once the testing is complete, you should remove the data from the unlicensed server. However, you must understand the differences between Oracle dataguard licensing for disaster recovery and backup scenarios.

Oracle Dataguard is included in Oracle database enterprise edition, and requires no additional license. However if you are using Active Dataguard that is additional licensing and requires you to purchase a license for Active Dataguard priced at 11,500 $ per processor.

This is a short video from our master class in Oracle licensing. It explains how to license Oracle for disaster recovery.

If you need further help to review your licensing, Redress Compliance is firm that have employed the worlds best Oracle licensing experts

 

oracle disaster recovery licensing

 

 

oracle licensing failover

 

 

 

oracle licensing standby

 

 

Transcript: 

So now we can talk a little bit about licensing disaster recovery. What do you do and what are your options? So in Oracles terminology, you can go and we can also share that. So Oracle has this software in investment book or Bible, and you can call it like that, where they go through the various ways that Oracle, the terminology to Oracle use when it comes to licensing for disaster recovery methods, and Oracle basically worked with for methods when it comes to disaster recovery. So we talking about failover, we talking about backup, we talking about standby, and we’re going to be talking about remote mirroring. That’s the four main areas. Now, again, here, it’s important to remember that you need to license all Oracle software where it’s installed and all running. And you probably remember, I said, well, there is one exception to this, and this is where you’re going to see this is the exception.

There’s going to be one exception to that. And that’s going to be for failover-type environments. That’s basically because in those types of environments, you will have a fully functioning database up and running, but you don’t have to license. Oracle is giving you an exception here to the standard licensing rules, where they say, you don’t have to pay for that particular failover environment. Now we’re going to see exactly how that looks. And because there are some clearly, some restrictions applied to it, but this is one area where you don’t have to license installed and all running. It is very imporant to learn Oracle licensing disaster recovery to avoid penalty fees in Oracle license audit.

Now, when it comes to backup that you don’t have to license when you’re doing up backup and we can see also what that means, but all other type of scenarios, when you’re talking about mirroring, when you’re talking about failover, when you’re talking about anywhere, the thing where you can sort of spin up an Oracle database, or Oracle software in a second or two, as a way to ensure that you have your production environments up and running, you would need to account for that, and you would need to license that type of environments.

Now let’s go and look into the details of that here. So for the backup, no licenses needed. And the reason for that is because you don’t have in stand-up backup scenarios, you don’t have the capability to run a fully functioning database. You don’t have the binaries installed. What you do is basically you have a data dump and the way Oracle likes to show this. And in this case, we are showing it as a solid, but very physical type of a situation where you would sort of go and put your data on disc. Nobody’s using that anymore, of course, but it’s just visually very appealing or tapes. And there’s some sort of a manual process to it. And, and you know that these tapes, yeah, you might be able to rebuild the database on the basis of that. And at some point, get your production environment up and running again. But that particular storage unit, you cannot just convert into a running database as you go.

So the storage device here is not connected to running a database environment where you can spin it up. So that’s the way to think about it. And so you can bag up all the Oracle database you want. So Oracle is not going to ask you for license, as long as you don’t have a working database environment where you can basically spin it. So that’s how Oracle is looking at this. Now, most cases today, you probably would have this running on disks or the types of storage means so important is that it’s not a fully working database.

Now, this is the exception. And this is so the failover is the one situation where Oracle makes the exception. And it’s also called the 10 day rules. And basically in, if you have a number of servers in a clustered environment where you have all servers are connected to the same, and this is a must, they must be connected to the same storage area network. Well, then it’s okay to have failovers. But in this case, Oracle will only allow you to have one failover that you can license for free. So if you have two failovers, well, one of the failovers needs to be licensed.

So one failure you can license for free, and you’re not allowed to switch between the different failover nodes. So just one and that one you can use for 10 days. So basically let’s say that you have over a year, you would have 10 days where you, there is a failover to the failover node, and it’s, it ends up going into production. Yep. That’s fine. You don’t have to do that. What you have to do is basically restore the production server at the primary server, and then that counts as a failover day. And you can do that for 10 days. If you it’s outside of 10 days, you would need to have a full license. Yes. So that’s a per year. You’ll have a full year. Exactly. So it’s a full year. No, it’s counted in days.

Yeah. Oh, exactly. So, this is a common area where if you, if failover setups is a common area where licensing get wrong, or I.T. departments are. Yeah, yeah, exactly. This is a fully working database. Yes. In this case, it’s a fully working database and this is also, you want to, this is why they call it the exception, because normally if you have a fully working database, you would need to pay for it. The second, let’s say that you come outside of the 10 day rule. The second you need to, then you would need to license the failover server. And the licensing on the failover server needs to match the licensing on the primary server. So let’s say that you are running your enterprise edition with all the options and management pack. Well, that needs to be the same thing as failover. So this is the basically one exception to it. Remember the need to be on the same storage network. You can’t switch between the different failover environments. So here Oracle allows you to have a running database environment without you actually paying licenses for it.

So here we have a standby environment, and I’ve just shown to illustrate a standby environment where you have a primary server, and then you have a hot, a cold standby. Doesn’t really matter. You will need to license it. So it’s only the failover environment where you don’t have to license it. And here we have another example of a commonly used type of disaster recovery environments. And in the standby environment, you need to match, the licensing needs to match. No, we Eric, we on page 40 now. So try to refresh your browser. Yes. I probably should have said this in beginning. So Chrome is the primary or the best browser for this platform. So if you’re having any problems with sound or anything like that, but too much of a lag, if it’s not, try to refresh your browser, if you are on something else than Chrome and your sort of experience, continue to experience problems, it’s probably a good idea to move to Chrome.

So we’ve seen, it’s not consistently bad, but it can be good to change to a new process. So, yes. So, yeah, so exactly. So in principle you can get into, can be moved so instant, like five days post. Yes, exactly. It can be spread all over the year. So yeah, absolutely. That it can be absolutely. Any standby needs to be licensed. So remember again what we said, so this, anything that is installed and all running, so it doesn’t have to be running. It just needs to be installed, if it needs to be installed, or if it is installed, you need to license it. There’s only one exception to that rule. And that is in case you have a failover environment running. And as we saw here, that we go back to that, you are allowed to have one failover server. They need to be the serve of the cluster of servers need to be connected to the same storage area network. And you cannot switch between one failover node and another. There’s only one failover node there that you can use.

So anything is hot standby, cold standby needs to be a license. So any standby needs to be licensed. The licensing needs to match what you have on your primary. And also if we move on, if you have any type of mirroring. And so this is also a relatively common type of disaster recovery style environments. So if you are mirroring, and this is often split geographically, or you have multiple data centers where you have one storage area network running on one side, and then you have on the primary side, and then you have, another storage area network running on a secondary side, but these two networks are talking to each other and they can, they can work as a, basically as a hot standby. You can get the full environment up and running very quickly. These types of cases, you need to license it fully.

So I hope that sort of explains the principle, the primary principle of how Oracle is thinking about licenses. If you have anything installed that is Oracle on, it doesn’t matter if you’re using it or not. You need to pay and buy a license for it. And Oracle is only making one exception to that rule, and that’s with failover environments. So it doesn’t matter if you’re a connected your server to a storage, or. Do I need to license bows? No. When yes you do.

So, it’s, there’s no other exceptions to this in when it comes to disaster recovery situations and as such a, ties very well together with the idea of installed and all running, however, they can be scenarios where it becomes a very technical and an Oracle’s explanation of the install and, or running becomes very sort of, they really pushing the definition and that we see, especially in virtualized environments where you can argue that nothing is really installed on the particular server in terms of Oracle licensing in very large virtualized environments, but you have the ability to move Oracles binaries around throughout the environment. So those types of scenarios, Oracle still claims that you need to license the full virtualized environment. And they have particular policies that they refer to. But from most everyday situation, this exception to the install and or running rule is relatively clear.

You, if you have it anything to run, if you can run any Oracle software, you need to license it. And there’s just one exception in that it’s in case of failover environments. But this is just to give you an overview again. So no license in case of backup, failover. Do you have the, the 10 days rule, the 10 day rule, standby. You need to license remote mirroring. You need to license. Now here, you see we’ve listed some of the different software tools that you can be using in connection with these different that’s a recovery solution. So you would also see that here with an Oracle data guard. Yes, you need to license a remote mirroring. You can see solution for EMC and Veritas.

 

 

 

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Contact us if you need help with Oracle licensing disaster recovery.

Posted on June 21, 2020
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