Oracle cloud

Oracle OCI Storage Options: Uncovered

The storage options in Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) include:

  • Object Storage: For storing any data in its native format, typically used for backup and archiving.
  • File Storage: A scalable, enterprise-grade network file system (NFS) for shared storage.
  • Block Volume: Provides persistent block storage volumes for high performance and scalability.
  • Archive Storage: A low-cost storage solution for infrequently accessed data, ensuring long-term retention and preservation.
  • Local NVMe SSD: Offers high-performance, flash-based storage for workloads requiring low latency​

Introduction to Storage in Oracle OCI

Storage in Oracle OCI options

Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) offers diverse storage solutions to cater to various data storage needs in the cloud.

These solutions provide flexibility, scalability, and security, ensuring businesses can efficiently manage their data in the cloud.

The primary storage options available in OCI include:

  • Object Storage: Ideal for storing unstructured data, it is commonly used for data backup, archival, and disaster recovery.
  • File Storage: Provides a managed file storage service for shared file systems, suitable for various applications and use cases.
  • Block Volume: Offers persistent block storage volumes, essential for scenarios that require high performance, such as databases and enterprise applications​​​​​​.

Oracle OCI Object Storage

Oracle OCI Object Storage

OCI Object Storage is a highly versatile and scalable storage service designed to handle a wide range of unstructured data.

It is well-suited for storing data in its native format, regardless of content type, size, or use case. Here are some of its key features:

  • Built-in Redundancy: Ensures data durability by redundantly storing data across multiple regional servers. It actively monitors data integrity and automatically repairs corrupt data if needed.
  • Security: Object Storage secures data using encryption at rest by default, using AES-256 encryption algorithms. It integrates with Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Identity and Access Management for comprehensive access control.
  • Auto-Tiering Options: An auto-tiering feature automatically transitions objects between storage tiers based on access patterns, helping optimize costs without operational overhead.
  • API Compatibility: Provides API compatibility with Amazon S3 and OpenStack Swift, allowing customers to continue using existing tools and minimizing the need for application changes. Additionally, it supports access via CLI, Console, Java SDK, and REST API​​​​.

Oracle’s Object Storage service is designed to offer a combination of scalability, durability, and security, making it a suitable option for a wide range of storage requirements in the cloud environment.

Oracle OCI File Storage

Oracle OCI File Storage

Oracle OCI File Storage offers a highly scalable and secure enterprise-grade network file system (NFS) solution, well-suited for various applications, from content repositories to development environments.

  1. Overview:
    • OCI File Storage provides a fully managed file system that can scale automatically to accommodate growth without needing to provision capacity in advance. This elasticity ensures that resources are efficiently used and costs are optimized.
  2. Key Features:
    • Automatic Scalability: Scales up to 8 exabytes, eliminating the need for manual capacity provisioning.
    • Snapshots and Clones: This feature enables the creation of consistent, point-in-time snapshots of file systems. Any snapshot can become an independent live file system, providing data management and recovery flexibility.
    • Built-in Security: By default, it ensures data security with AES 256 encryption for all stored file systems and snapshot data at rest. It also provides options for managing encryption keys through Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Vault.
    • High Availability and Durability: Uses multi-way replication to ensure data availability and durability, making it reliable for critical applications​​​​​​.

Oracle OCI Block Volume

Oracle OCI Block Volume

OCI Block Volume is designed to deliver high performance, low latency, and dynamic scaling, making it ideal for performance-intensive applications.

  1. Performance and Consistency:
    • Block Volume provides consistent, low-latency performance, which is critical for applications like databases and high-performance computing workloads. It balances performance and cost, allowing for customization based on workload requirements.
  2. Dynamic Performance Scaling:
    • The service allows dynamic scaling of performance levels, including IOPS (Input/Output Operations Per Second) and throughput per volume. This flexibility ensures that storage can meet applications’ varying demands without manual intervention.
  3. Options for Intensive Workloads:
    • OCI Block Volume is suited for a wide range of performance-intensive applications. It provides options for varying levels of IOPS and throughput, ensuring that each application can be supported with the right resources.
    • The available performance levels suit various use cases, from transactional databases to data analytics and machine learning workloads​​.

OCI File Storage and Block Volume are integral to Oracle’s cloud storage portfolio, offering robust, secure, and scalable solutions tailored to diverse enterprise storage requirements.

Top 5 Best Practices for Storage in Oracle OCI

  1. Implement Data Redundancy:
    • Ensure data is redundantly stored across multiple regional locations to protect against data loss. Utilize OCI’s built-in redundancy features for Object Storage and File Storage.
    • Regularly backup critical data using OCI’s backup solutions to ensure data durability and availability​​​​.
  2. Optimize Storage Tier Usage:
    • Leverage OCI’s storage tiering, such as auto-tiering in Object Storage, to move data between tiers automatically based on access patterns, optimizing costs and performance.
    • Use Archive Storage for infrequently accessed data and choose the appropriate performance tier for Block Volumes based on application needs​​​​.
  3. Enhance Security and Access Management:
    • Apply AES-256 encryption for data at rest and manage encryption keys via OCI Vault.
    • Utilize Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Identity and Access Management for fine-grained access controls, ensuring only authorized users and applications can access storage resources​​​​.
  4. Performance Optimization:
    • Regularly monitor and adjust the performance settings of Block Volumes and File Storage to align with application requirements.
    • Use performance metrics to optimize storage configurations and enhance application throughput and IOPS​​.
  5. Effective Data Transfer Management:
    • Use FastConnect for high-bandwidth, low-latency data transfers, especially for large-scale migrations.
    • For transferring large volumes of data into OCI, consider using Oracle’s Data Transfer Service to expedite the process​​​​.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main storage options in Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI)?

OCI offers Object Storage, File Storage, Block Volume, Archive Storage, and Local NVMe SSD, catering to various storage needs and use cases.

What is Object Storage in OCI, and when should it be used?

Object Storage in OCI is designed to store data in its native format. It is ideal for backing up, archiving, and serving web content, supporting unlimited data volumes with high durability.

How does File Storage in OCI work, and what are its benefits?

File Storage provides a scalable, enterprise-grade NFS for shared storage needs. It offers simplicity, elasticity, and robust data security, suitable for applications requiring shared file systems.

What is Block Volume in OCI, and what are its primary uses?

Block Volume offers persistent block storage volumes that can be attached to compute instances, delivering high performance and scalability for databases, applications, and workloads requiring consistent I/O performance.

Can you explain Archive Storage in OCI and its ideal use cases?

Archive Storage is a highly cost-effective solution for storing infrequently accessed data that must be retained over the long term, such as compliance archives and digital preservation.

What is Local NVMe SSD in OCI, and why is it important?

Local NVMe SSD provides high-performance, flash-based storage directly attached to compute instances, perfect for workloads requiring low latency, such as high-performance databases and big data applications.

How does OCI Object Storage differ from traditional storage methods?

OCI Object Storage offers highly scalable, durable, and secure cloud storage for unstructured data accessible from anywhere and differs from traditional storage in its flexibility, scalability, and cost-effectiveness.

What makes File Storage unique in OCI’s storage offerings?

File Storage’s uniqueness lies in its NFS-based, fully managed file system that seamlessly scales to support petabytes of data, providing shared access and integrated backup capabilities.

Why choose Block Volume for persistent storage in OCI?

Block Volume is chosen for its high durability, performance consistency, and the ability to dynamically scale IOPS and throughput, meeting the demands of performance-intensive applications.

How cost-effective is Archive Storage compared to other OCI storage options?

Archive Storage is designed for cost efficiency. It offers very low storage costs for rarely accessed data, making it the most budget-friendly option for long-term data retention.

When should I consider using Local NVMe SSD storage?

Consider Local NVMe SSD for data-intensive applications that benefit from high IOPS, throughput, and sub-millisecond latencies, where performance is critical.

Can I migrate data between different OCI storage options?

Yes, OCI provides tools and services that facilitate data migration between storage options, allowing you to optimize storage according to changing requirements and costs.

How do I manage the data lifecycle in OCI Object Storage?

OCI Object Storage supports lifecycle management policies that automate actions like transitioning data to colder storage or deleting old data, simplifying data management.

What security features are available with OCI storage options?

OCI storage options include robust security features such as rest and transit encryption, access controls, and network isolation, ensuring data protection.

How does OCI ensure data durability and availability across its storage services?

OCI’s storage services are built on highly durable storage infrastructure with built-in redundancy and failover capabilities, ensuring data availability and protection against data loss.


Oracle OCI’s storage solutions stand out for their versatility and robustness, catering to various applications from data analytics to enterprise workload migration.

With advanced features like auto-tiering, built-in redundancy, high security, and scalability, OCI storage is well-suited to meet the evolving needs of modern businesses.

These solutions provide a secure, efficient, and flexible foundation for managing diverse data workloads in the cloud.


  • Fredrik Filipsson

    Fredrik Filipsson brings two decades of Oracle license management experience, including a nine-year tenure at Oracle and 11 years in Oracle license consulting. His expertise extends across leading IT corporations like IBM, enriching his profile with a broad spectrum of software and cloud projects. Filipsson's proficiency encompasses IBM, SAP, Microsoft, and Salesforce platforms, alongside significant involvement in Microsoft Copilot and AI initiatives, enhancing organizational efficiency.

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