oracle database licensing

Oracle Multitenant Licensing: Simplified and Explained

Oracle Multitenant Licensing works like this:

  • Oracle Multitenant Licensing: Oracle Multitenant architecture allows a database to function as a Container Database (CDB), containing Pluggable Databases (PDBs).
  • Licensing Options: Oracle Multitenant supports two types of licensing: Named User Plus and Per Processor.
  • Changes in Oracle 19c: Starting from Oracle Database 19c, a license is required if you need four or more Pluggable Databases (PDBs) within one Container Database (CDB).
  • Costs: Multi-tenant licensing must match the quantity and metric of the database enterprise edition.

Oracle Multitenant Licensing – Simplified and Explained

Oracle Multitenant licensing is a new feature that allows you to consolidate multiple physical databases into one.

It’s helpful for for database practitioners, offering a way to support cloud infrastructure and consolidation strategies in data centers.

What is Oracle Multitenant Licensing?

what is oracle multitenant

What is Oracle’s Multitenant Option?

The Oracle Multitenant architecture allows a database to function as a Container Database (CDB) containing Pluggable Databases (PDBs).

Every Oracle database must be contained within another database, such as a CDB containing PDBs or an application container containing application PDBs.

This option supports features such as Real Application Clusters and Data Guard, making it easier to adopt and manage.

Database isolation and security are also improved, allowing the ability to prioritize resources for each database.

Oracle Multitenant Licensing Rules

oracle multitenant licensing

Oracle Multitenant Licensing Options Oracle Multitenant supports two types of licensing: Named User Plus and Per Processor. With Named User Plus licensing, all users and physical devices that access a user-created PDB are licensed.

On the other hand, the per-processor license metric licenses the processor cores on all physical hosts that are running a user-created PDB.

In Oracle 19c, Up to 3 PDB in One CDB Does Not Require a License.

Starting from Oracle Database 19c, a license is required if you need four or more Pluggable Databases (PDBs) within one Container Database (CDB).

This means that in Oracle 19c, you can have up to three user-created PDBs of any type without requiring a Multitenant license. However, in versions before 19c, you could only have one PDB without a license.

Oracle Multitenant Licensing Costs

oracle multitenant license cost

The cost of the Oracle Multitenant option depends on the licensing metric you choose.

  • Named User Plus license – $350 per named user plus.
  • Per Processor license – $17,500 per processor license.

To calculate the cost of the Oracle Multitenant option for a company, you need to know the number of processor licenses and named user plus you require.

Total cost = (Number of processor licenses x Processor license cost) + (Number of named users plus x Named user plus cost)

For example, if a company needs eight processor licenses and 100 named users plus, the total cost would be:  (8 x $17,500) + (100 x $350) = $140,000 + $35,000 = $175,000

So, the total cost for this company would be $175,000 for the Oracle Multitenant option.

oracle multitenant licensing calculation

Oracle Multitenant allows companies to consolidate multiple physical databases into one. However, licensing this option can be a bit tricky.

Understanding the basic concepts of the product and the licensing options available can help you make informed decisions and avoid unnecessary costs.

Remember that starting from Oracle Database 19c, a license is required if you need four or more Pluggable Databases (PDBs) within one Container Database (CDB).

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Author

  • Fredrik Filipsson

    Fredrik Filipsson brings two decades of Oracle license management experience, including a nine-year tenure at Oracle and 11 years in Oracle license consulting. His expertise extends across leading IT corporations like IBM, enriching his profile with a broad spectrum of software and cloud projects. Filipsson's proficiency encompasses IBM, SAP, Microsoft, and Salesforce platforms, alongside significant involvement in Microsoft Copilot and AI initiatives, enhancing organizational efficiency.