Oracle

Oracle Database Software – What is it being used for?

Oracle Database Software is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Oracle Corporation.

It is a comprehensive and integrated tool suite that enables businesses to manage and process data efficiently.

Oracle Database Software is widely used by enterprises worldwide for its robustness, scalability, and advanced features.

Oracle Database Software provides various features and capabilities that cater to different business needs.

These include:

  • Data Management: Oracle Database Software provides robust tools for managing data, including data storage, data manipulation, data retrieval, and data security. It supports various data types, including structured and unstructured data, and provides tools for managing large volumes of data.
  • Performance Optimization: Oracle Database Software includes advanced optimization techniques that ensure high performance and fast data processing. These techniques include query optimization, indexing, partitioning, and parallel processing.
  • Scalability: Oracle Database Software can handle large volumes of data and scale as your business grows. It supports horizontal scaling (adding more machines to the network) and vertical scaling (adding more power to an existing machine).
  • Security: Oracle Database Software provides robust security features to protect your data from unauthorized access and threats. These features include data encryption, user authentication, access control, and auditing.
  • High Availability: Oracle Database Software provides features for high availability, ensuring that your database is always accessible and operational. These features include data replication, backup and recovery, and failover capabilities.
  • Integration: Oracle Database Software can be integrated with other Oracle products and third-party applications, providing a seamless and unified data management solution.

Oracle Database Software Editions

Oracle Database Software Editions

Oracle Database Software has various editions to cater to business needs and budgets.

These editions include:

  • Oracle Database Standard Edition: This edition provides the basic functionalities for managing data in small to medium-sized businesses. It includes features for data management, high availability, and security.
  • Oracle Database Enterprise Edition: This edition provides advanced features for managing data in large enterprises. It includes all the features of the Standard Edition, plus additional features for performance optimization, scalability, data warehousing, and analytics.
  • Oracle Database Express Edition (XE): This is a free edition of Oracle Database Software for learning and development purposes. It has limited functionalities and storage capacity.
  • Oracle Database Personal Edition: This edition is designed for single-user environments. It includes all the features of the Enterprise Edition but is licensed for single-user use only.

Oracle Database: Enterprise Edition vs Standard Edition

Oracle Database Enterprise Edition vs Standard Edition

Oracle Database is a multi-model database management system produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation.

It is a database commonly used for running online transaction processing (OLTP), data warehousing (DW), and mixed (OLTP & DW) database workloads. Oracle Database has two editions: Enterprise Edition (EE) and Standard Edition (SE).

Enterprise Edition (EE)

Oracle Database Enterprise Edition is the most robust and feature-rich edition among the Oracle Database offerings.

It is designed for large enterprises that require a wide range of database functionality, high availability, and scalability features. Some of the key elements of Oracle Database Enterprise Edition include:

  • Advanced security: Offers advanced security features such as data redaction, rest and transit encryption, and robust auditing capabilities.
  • High performance: Provides high-performance features such as in-memory database caching, automatic workload management, and real application testing.
  • High availability: Includes features like Real Application Clusters (RAC), Data Guard, and automatic storage management for high availability and data protection.
  • Advanced analytics: Supports advanced analytical functions, including machine learning, spatial and graph analytics, and in-database advanced analytics.

Standard Edition (SE)

Oracle Database Standard Edition is a full-featured database for smaller businesses and enterprises.

It includes the core functionality for building business applications but lacks some of the high-end features of the Enterprise Edition. Key features of Oracle Database Standard Edition include:

  • Core database features: Provides all the necessary features for building and running business applications, including support for SQL, PL/SQL, Java, and . NET.
  • High availability: Supports Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) for high availability.
  • Manageability: Includes Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Express for managing the database.

Feature Comparison

FeatureEnterprise EditionStandard Edition
Advanced SecurityYesNo
High PerformanceYesNo
High AvailabilityYesYes
Advanced AnalyticsYesNo
Core Database FeaturesYesYes
ManageabilityYesYes

Oracle Database vs SQL Server

Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database management system developed by Microsoft.

Like Oracle Database, SQL Server is used for storing and retrieving data as other applications require, whether running on the same computer or another computer across a network.

Feature Comparison

FeatureOracle DatabaseSQL Server
Programming LanguagesSQL, PL/SQL, Java, .NETSQL, T-SQL, .NET
PlatformsCross-platformWindows, Linux
PartitioningYesYes
Backup and RecoveryYesYes
ReplicationYesYes
High AvailabilityYesYes
SecurityAdvanced security featuresAdvanced security features
Data WarehousingYesYes
Cloud SupportYesYes

Oracle Database vs IBM DB2

IBM DB2 is a family of data management products developed by IBM, including the DB2 relational database.

They support the relational model, but in recent years, some products have been extended to support object-relational features and non-relational structures like JSON and XML.

Feature Comparison

FeatureOracle DatabaseIBM DB2
Programming LanguagesSQL, PL/SQL, Java, .NETSQL, PL/SQL, Java, .NET, Python, Perl, R, PHP
PlatformsCross-platformCross-platform
PartitioningYesYes
Backup and RecoveryYesYes
ReplicationYesYes
High AvailabilityYesYes
SecurityAdvanced security featuresAdvanced security features

Oracle Database vs PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL, or Postgres, is a free and open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) emphasizing extensibility and SQL compliance.

It was initially named POSTGRES, referring to its origins as a successor to the Ingres database developed at the University of California, Berkeley.

Feature Comparison

FeatureOracle DatabasePostgreSQL
Programming LanguagesSQL, PL/SQL, Java, .NETSQL, PL/pgSQL, Python, Perl, Tcl, Java, .NET, PHP, Ruby
PlatformsCross-platformCross-platform
PartitioningYesYes
Backup and RecoveryYesYes
ReplicationYesYes
High AvailabilityYesYes
SecurityAdvanced security featuresRobust access-control system
Data WarehousingYesYes
Cloud SupportYesYes
Open SourceNoYes

Database Market Share (2022-2023)

  • Oracle Database: Oracle’s market share has been steady, maintaining its position as one of the top databases. As of June 2023, it scored 1284.06 on the DB-Engines Ranking, indicating a significant market presence.
  • SQL Server: Microsoft’s SQL Server is another major player in the database market. As of June 2023, it scored 1041.49 on the DB-Engines Ranking.
  • DB2: IBM’s DB2 has a smaller market share than Oracle and SQL Server. As of June 2023, it scored 210.85 on the DB-Engines Ranking.
  • PostgreSQL: PostgreSQL has been growing in popularity and market share. As of June 2023, it scored 447.92 on the DB-Engines Ranking.

Please note that the DB-Engines Ranking measures the popularity of database management systems.

The score is calculated based on the number of mentions on websites, Google Trends, frequency of technical discussions, job offers, etc.

Oracle Database Versions List

Please note that no version 1 of Oracle Database existed, as co-founder Larry Ellison “knew no one would want to buy version 1“.

  1. Oracle v2: Released in 1979, Oracle v2 was the first commercially available SQL-based RDBMS implementing some basic SQL queries and simple joins.
  2. Oracle v3: In 1983, Oracle v3 introduced concurrency control, data distribution, and scalability.
  3. Oracle v4: Released in 1984, Oracle v4 introduced multi-version read consistency. This was the first version available for MS-DOS.
  4. Oracle v5: Released in 1985, Oracle v5 supported client/server computing and distributed database systems. This was the first version available for OS/2.
  5. Oracle v6: Released in 1988, Oracle v6 introduced row-level locking, scalability, online backup and recovery, and PL/SQL. This was the first version available for Novell Netware 386.
  6. Oracle 7: Released in June 1992, Oracle 7 introduced PL/SQL stored procedures, triggers, distributed 2-phase commit, shared cursors, and the cost-based optimizer.
  7. Oracle 7.1: Released in May 1994, Oracle 7.1 introduced parallel SQL execution. This was the first version available for Windows NT.
  8. Oracle 7.2: Released in May 1995, Oracle 7.2 introduced shared server, XA transactions, and transparent application failover.
  9. Oracle 7.3: Released in February 1996, Oracle 7.3 introduced the object-relational database.
  10. Oracle 8 Database (Version 8.0.3, released in June 1997): This version introduced recovery manager and partitioning. It was also the first version available for Linux.
  11. Oracle8i Database (Version 8.1.5.0, released in 1998): This version introduced native internet protocols, Java, and virtual private database.
  12. Oracle9i Database (Version 9.0.1.0, released in 2001): This version introduced Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) and Oracle XML DB.
  13. Oracle9i Database Release 2 (Version 9.2.0.1, released in 2002): This version introduced advanced queuing, data mining, streams, and logical standby.
  14. Oracle Database 10g Release 1 (Version 10.1.0.2, released in 2003): This version introduced automated database management, automatic database diagnostic monitor, grid infrastructure, Oracle ASM, and flashback database.
  15. Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (Version 10.2.0.1, released in July 2005): This version introduced accurate application testing, database vault, online indexing, advanced compression, data guard fast-start failover, and transparent data encryption.
  16. Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1.0.6): Released in September 2007, it introduced Active Data Guard, Secure Files, and Exadata.
  17. Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.1): Released in September 2009, it introduced Edition-Based Redefinition, Data Redaction, and Hybrid Columnar Compression.
  18. Oracle Database 12c Release 1 (12.1.0.1): Released in July 2013, it introduced Multitenant architecture, In-Memory Column Store, and Native JSON.
  19. Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2.0.1): Released in August 2016, it introduced Native Sharding, Zero Data Loss Recovery Appliance, and Exadata Cloud Service.
  20. Oracle Database 18c (18.1.0): Released in February 2018, it introduced Polymorphic Table Functions, Active Directory Integration, and Transparent Application Continuity.
  21. Oracle Database 19c (19.1.0): Released in February 2019, it introduced Active Data Guard DML Redirection, Automatic Index Creation, and Real-Time Statistics Maintenance.
  22. Oracle Database 21c (21.1.0): Released in December 2020, it introduced Blockchain Tables, Multilingual Engine – JavaScript Execution in the Database, and Binary JSON Data Type.
  23. Oracle Database 23c (23.2.0): Released in April 2023, this version introduced features like JSON Relational Duality, Transactional Microservices Support, and Integration with Azure Active Directory OAuth2.

What is Oracle Database Software used for?

Oracle Database software is widely used across various industries due to its robustness, scalability, and extensive feature set. Here are some specific real-life examples of how Oracle Database software is used:

  1. Banking and Financial Services: Banks and financial institutions use Oracle Database for managing customer data, transaction processing, risk management, and compliance. For instance, a bank might use the Oracle Database to store customer account information, transaction history, and loan data. The database can handle high volumes of transactions and queries, ensuring fast and reliable service.
  2. Healthcare: Hospitals and providers use Oracle Database to manage patient records, billing information, and medical data. For example, a hospital might store patient medical histories, appointment schedules, and billing information using the Oracle Database. The database’s robust security features ensure that sensitive patient data is protected.
  3. Retail: Retail businesses use Oracle Database to manage inventory, sales data, and customer information. For instance, a retail chain might use the Oracle Database to track inventory levels across multiple stores, manage sales data, and analyze customer buying patterns.
  4. Telecommunications: Telecom companies use Oracle Database to manage customer data, call records, and network information. For example, a telecom company might use the Oracle Database to store customer account information, call data records, and network performance data. The database’s ability to handle large volumes of data and perform complex queries makes it ideal for this industry.
  5. Government agencies use the Oracle Database to manage citizen data, public records, and administrative information. For instance, a government agency might use the Oracle Database to store citizen records, public service data, and administrative records. The database’s robust security features and scalability make it suitable for managing large volumes of sensitive data.
  6. Education: Educational institutions use the Oracle Database to manage student data, course information, and administrative data. For instance, a university might use the Oracle Database to store student records, course schedules, and grading information. The database’s flexibility and scalability make it ideal for managing the diverse data needs of educational institutions.

These are just a few examples of how Oracle Database software is used in real-life scenarios. The versatility and robustness of Oracle Database make it a popular choice for many different types of organizations.

Author

  • Fredrik Filipsson

    Fredrik Filipsson brings two decades of Oracle license management experience, including a nine-year tenure at Oracle and 11 years in Oracle license consulting. His expertise extends across leading IT corporations like IBM, enriching his profile with a broad spectrum of software and cloud projects. Filipsson's proficiency encompasses IBM, SAP, Microsoft, and Salesforce platforms, alongside significant involvement in Microsoft Copilot and AI initiatives, enhancing organizational efficiency.

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